Forensic Training & Education

Forensic consulting and education in bloodstain pattern analysis, crime scene reconstruction and processing, shooting incident reconstruction, officer involved shootings and forensic uses of animation models. BGA teaches the proper analysis techniques for preparing for presentation in a court of law.

Forensic Training & Education

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Bevel Gardner and Associates offers courses to train individuals in the forensic science procedures they use. The purpose of Forensic Science is to examine and collect information to help determine the facts at the scene of the crime. It may be used to confirm or exclude a suspect from further investigation. BGA teaches the proper analysis techniques preparing for presentation in a court of law.

Professional education courses offered include:
Crime Scene Reconstruction
Crime Scene Processing
Shooting Incident Reconstruction


Officer Involved Shootings
Bloodstain Pattern Analysis
Forensic Uses of Animation Models



Bloodstain Pattern Analyst Professional Development Program (BPAPD)

About

The examination of blood patterns found in a scene or on items recovered from the scene. The BGA Bloodstain Pattern Analyst Professional Development Program (BPAPD) is a cradle to grave program consisting of four parts. We feel it represents the most comprehensive study plan for BPA analysts offered in the United States.

To properly train competent bloodstain pattern analysts, a comprehensive training program is required that leads the student from novice to competent analyst and ultimately to the status of expert. In the recent past, questions have been raised with regard to the technical training analysts receive, particularly within the United States.

Based on these concerns BGA has revised and expanded its bloodstain training curriculum beyond that found in the classic "Basic" and "Advanced" bloodstain courses. The BGA Bloodstain Pattern Analyst Professional Development Program (BPAPD) is intended to better meet the needs of both the student and the discipline. 

Concept

The BPAPD program incorporates three distinct training courses of one week each. A Level I course introduces the student to bloodstain pattern analysis with significant concentration on basic pattern recognition and documentation. The Level II course concentrates on proper application of scientific method, experimental design and clothing examinations. Between the Level II and Level III course the student participates in a mentorship program. The mentoring program includes requirements for both case analysis and research design/completion. The Level III course includes a pre-course case analysis and then on-site course concentration on experimental design, and court room presentations.

Level I Course

Prerequisites:
None
Length
A 40 hour course of instruction.
Purpose
To develop a basic understanding of the discipline of bloodstain pattern analysis.

Course Completion Requirements
The student must pass a post-course test that concentrates on pattern recognition, directionality and impact angle calculations with a score of 80%.

Objectives:

  • Demonstrate knowledge of the development, history and advancement of bloodstain pattern analysis.
  • Define the inherent limitations of bloodstain pattern analysis as a forensic discipline.
  • Identify key bloodstain patterns using a taxonomic classification system and understand the mechanism by which they are created.
  • Determine impact angles and area of origin for spatter patterns.
  • Describe proper protective measures to follow in a bloodstained scene.
  • Demonstrate an ability to evaluate a basic bloodstain pattern scene.
  • Demonstrate the ability to properly document a bloodstained scene in photographs and written reports.

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Level II Course

Prerequisites: 
Completion of the Level I course or any Basic BPA course meeting the requirements of the IABPA basic course syllabus.
Length: 
A 40 hour course of instruction.
Purpose: 
The course will enhance basic skills and develop the novice to a core competency level required for independent analysis.

Course Completion Requirements
The student must pass a comprehensive post-course test based on the text Bloodstain Pattern Analysis With an Introduction to Crime Scene Reconstruction 3rd Edition with a score of 80%.

Objectives:

  • Demonstrate the ability to use and apply scientific method.
  • Demonstrate the ability to apply experimental design in support of bloodstain pattern analysis.
  • Demonstrate the ability to evaluate bloodstain patterns on clothing.
  • Recognize and demonstrate how Luminol and LCV are used to enhance latent blood patterns.
  • Demonstrate the ability to evaluate a complex bloodstain pattern scene.
  • Demonstrate the ability to present bloodstain pattern analysis conclusions in a logical written format.

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Mentorship Program

Prerequisites:
• BPA mentorship requires satisfactory completion of the BPA Level I and II courses.
• CSR mentorship requires satisfactory completion of the CSR Level I and II courses.
Purpose:
Both mentorship programs will guide the development of the analyst’s skills and validate their competency to conduct independent analysis.

Mentorship Program Completion Requirements:
The student must satisfactorily evaluate three cases and submit their research effort for evaluation to their mentor within a 24-month period.
Length: 
Both BPA and CSR mentorship programs are 12– 24 months.

BPA Objectives:

  • Analyze and report on a field generated bloodstain case.
  • Analyze and report on two supplied bloodstain cases.
  • Design and complete a bloodstain pattern analysis research project in a format consistent with scientific publication.
  • Present research project at a professional conference.

CSR Objectives:

  • Analyze and report on a field generated crime scene case.
  • Analyze and report on two supplied crime scene cases.
  • Design and complete an analysis research project in a format consistent with scientific publication.
  • Present research project at a professional conference.

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Practical Crime Scene Processing and Investigation

About

The evaluation of physical evidence and its context in a scene in an attempt to define objective actions that occurred during an incident. Event analysis is recognized as one of the most effective techniques for modern crime scene analysis, and is taught thoroughly in these classes.

A course of instruction designed for newly assigned investigators, crime scene technicians, and others involved in criminal and medical-legal investigations.

Concept

The course is intended to develop a fundamental knowledge of crime scene processing technique. The course will illustrate to the student the six basic activities of crime scene processing and the sequence of those activities. The course concentrates on these core concepts: assessing, observing, documenting, searching and collecting, but also includes lectures on advanced techniques such as alternate light source utilization, bloodstain pattern recognition and trajectory analysis. It will introduce the student to the function and role of crime scene analysis.

Objectives:

  • Demonstrate knowledge of the six basic activities involved in crime scene processing and the general order of these activities.
  • Recognize the general categories of physical evidence, what a crime laboratory can do with this evidence and accepted methods of recovery.
  • Demonstrate knowledge of the critical aspects of assessing a crime scene, including scene containment, crime scene team composition considerations, choosing the most effective crime scene search technique and scene hazard identification and mitigation.
  • Describe the different scene mapping methods.
  • Describe the three basic photographs utilized for crime scene documentation.
  • Describe and demonstrate the basic elements of crime scene narratives.
  • Recognize basic bloodstain patterns.
  • Discuss the function, theory and application of an alternative light source in crime scene processing.
  • Recognize the affect of effective crime scene documentation on crime scene analysis.
  • Describe basic methodologies of crime scene analysis.

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About

The evaluation of physical evidence associated with shooting scenes in an attempt to limit shooter and victim positions. This effort is an integral part of crime scene analysis, but due to the nuances involved, it is presented in a detailed one week course designed to take the student from novice to competent analyst and ultimately to expert status.

Concept

A comprehensive training program that addresses recent questions raised with regard to the technical training analysts receive.  BGA has revised and expanded its shooting incident reconstruction-training curriculum beyond that found in the basic shooting incident course. The BGA Shooting Incident Reconstruction Program (SIR) is intended to better meet the needs of both the student and the discipline.

SIR I

Length:
1 week
Purpose:
This course provides the experienced detective or crime scene investigator with the skills necessary to analyze and reconstruct shooting incidents. Students are taught to recognize and properly document the unique attributes of a shooting scene. Through a series of classes, laboratories and practical exercises, students will learn to interpret the dynamic relationship between the scene, evidence, and victim(s) injuries. The methodology and techniques needed to properly analyze and reconstruct the scene are emphasized. Students will be able to apply these skills to determine position of shooter(s), victim(s), and critical evidence, and to determine sequence of events.

Objectives:

  • Firearms & Ammunition Design and Nomenclature
  • Projectile Trajectories and Bullet Stability
  • Wound Dynamics
  • Computation of Projectile Trajectories
  • Unusual Surfaces and Ricochet Laboratory
  • The Scientific Method
  • Scientific Method as it Applies to Experimental Design
  • Reconstruction Analysis Methodology
  • Original Experimentation Laboratory
  • Shooting Incident Reconstruction Practical Exercise

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About

The examination of crime scenes using a methodical approach, in an attempt to capture as much physical evidence, in as pristine and usable condition as possible. The techniques described in this class are recognized by an international organization of crime scene investigators and forensic scientists to be a standard approach to crime scene investigation.

In the recent past, questions have been raised regarding the amount of technical training analysts receive. Based on these concerns BGA has revised and expanded its reconstruction training curriculum beyond that found in our “Level I” and “Level II” reconstruction courses. The BGA Crime Scene Reconstruction Professional Development Program is intended to better meet the needs of both the student and the discipline.

Concept:

CSRPD is designed to properly train competent crime scene reconstruction analysts. This comprehensive training program provides novice students with the tools to become a competent analyst and ultimately to the status of expert.

The CSRPD program incorporates our two distinct 40 hour training courses. The Level I course, which introduces students to reconstruction analysis with significant concentration on the accepted methodology and the application of the scientific method. The Level II course further develops the application of the scientific method and experimental design. A significant amount of time is focused on the development of demonstratives, which assist the analyst’s in explaining their opinions to courts of law.

CSR Level I

Length:
1 week
Purpose:
A course of instruction designed for investigators, crime scene technicians, forensic technicians, and others involved in criminal and medical-legal investigations and crime scene analysis. The course is intended to develop a fundamental knowledge of appropriate hypothesis development and testing procedures and provide an objective form of defining the events associated with a complex crime (Event Analysis). The course syllabus is not intended to create an “instant” expert. This course is not a crime scene processing course.

Objectives:

  • Demonstrate knowledge of the development, history and advancement of crime scene analysis.
  • Identify the steps of scientific method.
  • Identify the seven steps of the methodology used in crime scene analysis.
  • Demonstrate the ability to develop a hypothesis in a written format and set an objective foundation for any ultimate conclusion.
  • Demonstrate the ability to objectively flow chart an incident, distinguishing relative chronology from absolute chronology.
  • Demonstrate an ability to evaluate a complex crime scene.

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CSR Level II

Prerequisite:
Approved CSR Basic Course
Length:
1 week
Purpose:
A course of instruction designed for investigators, crime scene technicians, forensic technicians, and others practicing crime scene analysis. The course will enhance basic skills and develop advanced skills used to analyze complex crime scenes. Additionally the student will be given an opportunity to practice their analysis skills and see how to properly present their findings at court.

Objectives:

  • Demonstrate proper use of the Event Analysis technique to define objective information about a criminal incident.
  • Understand functional methods and techniques of creating demonstrative evidence to illustrate their analysis.
  • Understand and demonstrate how to properly withstand Daubert type hearings on crime scene analysis.
  • Understand and demonstrate an ability to articulate their analysis to a jury.

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About

A course of instruction designed for the experienced investigator to gain the skills and knowledge necessary to conduct unbiased investigations of officer-involved shootings and critical incidents.

Concept

Although there are several methods utilized by law enforcement nationally, the investigation into Officer Involved Shootings and Critical Incidents often occur as a Homicide only model, Homicide – Internal Affairs model, or the Critical Incident Team or Task Force model. Due to obvious accusations of bias that can be leveled against the agency favoring their officers, an independent analysis will best overcome these accusations of bias. Some large cities nationally have groups or individuals specifically assigned to independently monitor the investigations into critical officer incidents

Objectives:

  • Demonstrate proper immediate and post-incident response
  • Demonstrate proper scene security and documentation
  • Discuss proper evidence collection, management, and processing
  • Demonstrate proper techniques for interviewing witnesses and involved officers
  • Recognize the differences between investigative and administrative interview issues and the appropriate approach to each
  • Recognize the role of scene analysis and reconstruction in developing investigative leads and directions
  • Discuss the legal implications, both civil and criminal, of officer-involved shootings and critical incidents
  • Discuss the dynamics and causes of in-custody death and critical injury incidents
  • Learn organizational models and investigative protocols related to officer- involved shootings and critical incidents
  • Discuss dynamics unique to officer-involved shootings, action-reaction time, and use of force models
  • Discuss the issues related to bio-mechanics of individuals during officer- involved shootings
  • Understand the dynamics and uses of independent monitoring of critical police incidents
  • Discuss post-incident officer behavior
  • Understand the role of media in officer-involved shootings and critical incidents
  • Discuss agency training protocols related to officer-involved incidents

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About

This course of instruction is designed for investigators and analysts to properly depict virtual representations of the scene and evidence. These skills may be employed to assist in the analysis of the scene and data collected from the scene.

Content

The student will learn how to test scenarios based on scene context and how to demonstrate the basis for including or excluding scenarios. The student will learn how to sponsor the introduction of animation products as demonstrative exhibits in legal proceedings.

Objectives:

  • The student will be able to produce virtual models of the scene in various image formats
  • To demonstrate the spatial relationships between items within the scene
  • To Identify the types of imaging and animation programs that may be used in forensic analysis
  • Describe the basic components of animation programs.
  • Identify the proper methods for introduction of demonstrative exhibits as evidence in court hearings
  • Reproduce accurate spatial relationships using scene data and virtual models
  • Demonstrate wound paths in the context of the scene data
  • Differentiate between enhanced and altered images and identify appropriate applications of each
  • Integrate scene images into virtual scene models
  • Demonstrate techniques for proper use of scales in producing accurate virtual scene models.

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About

This course of instruction is designed for investigators, crime scene technicians, forensic technicians, medical examiners investigator’s, coroner’s and others involved in death scene examinations and medico-legal investigations of death. The course is intended to develop the knowledge, procedures and techniques employed in documenting and processing death scenes. This includes searching for and recovering human remains.

Concept

This course provides the experienced detective or crime scene investigator with the skills necessary to thoroughly process and analyze a death scene. This course focuses on the procedures, practices and methodologies performed at the death scene to ensure the scene is appropriately documented and processed. The relationship of evidence in context to determine investigative direction and develop investigative leads is emphasized.

Students are taught to recognize and properly document the unique attributes of a death scene. Through a series of classes, laboratories and practical exercises, students will learn to interpret the dynamic relationship between the scene, evidence, and victim(s) injuries.

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To host a BGA course, the hosting agency must agree to market and coordinate registration in order to meet minimum class size of 14 paying students. For their effort the hosting agency receives as compensation, the following:

  • If the hosting agency achieves the 14 paying-student minimum, the hosting agency will receive one free tuition.
  • If the hosting agency achieves 18 -paying-students, the hosting agency will receive a total of two free tuitions.
  • If the hosting agency achieves 21 paying-students, the hosting agency will receive a total of three free tuitions.
Interested in hosting
a BGA course?
Contact Craig Gravel for more information: 405 706-8489

The hosting agency must comply with the following requirements:

The hosting agency must:

  • Provide an adequate training facility to house twenty-four students, with moveable chairs and tables.
  • Provide additional space for the set up of scenarios (depending upon the class).
  • The training area must have available electrical outlets, extension cords, a screen or an appropriate projection wall.
  • Provide access to a copier for occasional handouts as required. Manuals and primary handouts are the responsibility of BGA, but as the class proceeds there are always minimal additional copying requirements.
  • Assist BGA in locating adequate room and board; however BGA is responsible for all associated travel and boarding costs for instructors.
  • Provide a shipping address, and be willing to accept deliveries in advance of the class, holding all supplies until required for class.

*The hosting agency is allowed to charge a small additional fee for refreshments if they desire.